A CURTA VIDA DA SEVERA

É considerada a «mãe» do fado, mas não fazemos qualquer ideia da forma como ela cantava.

Chamava-se Maria Severa Onofriana e nasceu em 1820, na rua do Capelão no Bairro lisboeta da Mouraria. A sua vida foi breve pois , morreria tuberculosa 26 anos depois, na mesma rua, sem suspeitar que em volta do seu nome haveria de nascer um mito: o do aparecimento do fado como canção de verdadeiro impacto urbano.

Severa, filha de uma taberneira alcunhada de Barbuda e de um tal Severo de ofício incerto, cedo se tornou prostituta. Era bonita e, entre dois clientes tocava guitarra e cantava o fado com alma,na tasca da mãe, que em breve começou a encher-se de gente atraída pelos dotes da jovem.

Reza a tradição que entre os que íam ouvir Severa,começou a figurar com assiduidade o Conde de Vimioso, que se terá deixado prender pelos seus encantos, levando-a com frequência à tourada,então, no Campo de Santana. Pela data, este só pode ter sido José Bernardino de Portugal, 12º portador do título criado em 1515 por D. Manuel I. Um militar e par do Reino que, diga-se de passagem, ainda haveria de ser primeiro ministro de Portugal…mas apenas por escassas 24 horas, entre 4 e 5 de Novembro de 1836, quatro anos antes da sua morte com sessenta anos incompletos.

A fama desta mulher de contornos difusos, mas inegavelmente mitica, deve-se à novela A Severa, de Júlio Dantas, adaptada ao teatro em 1901, e ao filme homónimo de Leitão de Barros, o primeiro sonoro português, rodado em 1931.

Fora do domínio da lenda, Amália Rodrigues (1920-1999), com a sua grande projecção nacional e internacional, viria a ser incostestavelmente a grande figura do Fado.

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****** Fonte: 365 histórias da História de Portugal de autoria de Luís Almeida Martins

Fotos: Net

24 comentários a “A CURTA VIDA DA SEVERA

  1. O mito ficou. A Severa foi-se embora…o tempo pra mim parou….Viva o Fdo a grande musica de Portugal.

  2. A Severa cantava e batia o Fado na taberna da Rosária dos óculos, situada ao cimo da Rua do Capelão na chamada casa de pedra.
    A sua mocidade cheia de beleza, despertou paixões e ocasionou desvarios, fez perder a serenidade, e a compostura a fidalgos, burgueses, artistas e políticos.
    Dizem escritos da época — Era linda, era alta um pouco delgada, seio e flancos esplêndidos, cabelos muito pretos, lábios muito vermelhos e nos olhos uma expressão indiscritível.

    Diz-se que terão sido os seus olhos que terão atraído o Conde de Vimioso aliado ao seu doce canto e a paixão deste pelo som da guitarra

  3. Para quem não conhea a letra do novo fado da Severa deixo-vos aqui desconhecendo quem é o seu autor. COnheci o fado na voz de Ada de Castro e de outros mais fadistas. Grande Severa. Que descanse em paz a sua alma.

  4. UM dos quadros maisvaliosos do patrimonio artistico portugues. A Severa de Malhoa. Belo.

  5. Um dos fados mais bonitos de sempre. Não concordam ?
    Fado da Severa
    Francisco José

    Ó rua do Capelão
    Juncada de rosmaninho
    Se o meu amor vier cedinho
    Eu beijo as pedras do chão
    Que ele pisar no caminho.

    Há um degrau no meu leito,
    Que é feito pra ti somente
    Amor, mas sobe com jeito
    Se o meu coração te sente
    Fica-me aos saltos no peito.

    Tenho o destino marcado
    Desde a hora em que te vi
    Ó meu cigano adorado
    Viver abraçada ao fado
    Morrer abraçada a ti.

  6. Gosto de passear a pé pelos Bairros de Lisboa. A Severa andou por ali e eu amo o Fado.

  7. A Severa foi-se embora
    O tempo p’ra mim parou
    Passado foi com ela
    Para mim não mais voltou

    As horas p’ra mim são dias
    As horas p’ra mim são dias
    Os dias p’ra mim são anos
    Recordação é saudade
    Recordação é saudade
    Saudades são desenganos

    Assim cantavam os exscelentes fadistas Antonio Mourão e Tony de Matos

  8. Aapenas conhecia o fado da Severa da Amália. Mas fiquei a saber mais alguma coisa aora. Obrigado. Manel

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